Quirine Eijkman

Security & the Rule of Law

Institute of Security and Global Affairs (ISGA), Leiden University
Quirine's current research focuses on access to justice, legal self-reliance, and the (side)effects on the rule of law arising from measures taken to strengthen security. She also teaches at several courses in the realm of human rights and security. Quirine sits on the Advisory Council for the Dutch Section of the International Commission of Jurists (NJCM). She has also a seat on the Advisory Council for Delitelabs, a pre-startup school for refugees and migrants and is a member of the Dutch Helsinki Committee.
Advocating 4 Ethics or Human Rights?: Access to Justice for Communications Surveillance in Practice
By analysing intelligence gathering reform bills this talk discusses from a civil society perspective access to justice for communications surveillance by secrete services. In the aftermath of the WikiLeaks and Snowden revelations sophisticated oversight systems for bulk and targeted interception are being developed across Europe. In the case study of the Netherlands prior judicial consent and a binding complaint procedure has been proposed. However, although checks and balances for among others communications interception and hacking have been created, Dutch oversight mechanisms are less equipped to effectively remedy bulk data intrusions or artificial intelligence practices. Therefore, it remains a question if politicians and lawmakers desire to meet human rights standards. Furthermore, civil society focusses on human rights compliance, but what about advocating for an ethical approach.
​​​Joanna works on the structure and utility of natural and artificial intelligence. She is best known for her work on systems AI and AI ethics. Her current research focuses on human sociality and technological interventions, as well as understanding the causal links between wealth inequality and political polarisation, transparency in AI systems, and machine prejudice deriving from human semantics. At Bath, she founded the Intelligent Systems research group and heads Artificial Models of Natural Intelligence.  Joanna holds degrees in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence from Chicago, Edinburgh & MIT.  
Joanna Bryson 
(tenured Assoc Professor)
University of Bath
There Is No AI Ethics:  The Human Origins of Machine Prejudice


The immense progress of artificial intelligence in recent decades rests on our improved capacity to mine human culture for intelligence our culture has already discovered.  Unfortunately, this process brings the bad as well as the good of being human with it. On the other hand, we now have tools that allow us to better understand what it means to be human, yet that knowledge and those tools by their nature change what it is they examine.  In this talk I will clarify AI, demonstrate machine prejudice, then discuss the impact of ICT in general and AI in particular on society with a focus on governance and the economy.  Work on machine prejudice conducted with Aylin Caliskan-Islam and Arvind Narayanan.